What is it?
The term Permaculture is a combination of permanent and agriculture. It is a way of designing and interacting harmoniously with nature and landscapes that seek to mimic natural systems, benefiting not only us by providing an abundance of food, medicine, housing and more but benefits and regenerates the land and all life in all its forms with minimal input and reduced waste. Permaculture is a way of life that seeks to provide a sustainable and secure place for all living things on this earth. It is guided by three ethics and twelve principles.
Catch the water off your roof, grow your own food, make your own energy.
Where permaculture differs from modern day agriculture is that it works with nature and not against it. It sees and appreciates diversity and the interconnectedness and interdependence in living ecosystems and then works towards mimicking these ecosystems. Have you ever seen in nature a field full of one type of crop? Nature doesn’t work like this. This way of farming the land creates many problems. Where are the natural leaf litter and organic matter returning the nutrients and minerals to the soil? This creates a dependence on chemical fertilizers and produces unhealthy plants which then become susceptible to pests and require pesticides herbicides and fungicides which are designed to destroy life.
This is just the start when we don’t work with nature.
Industrialized modern agriculture is one of, if not the biggest contribution to the destruction of our planet. The use of chemicals ends up in eco and river systems. As a consequence croplands are usually far from townships, harvested using machinery, packaged, transportation, stored all requiring fossil fuels and a huge percentage of the produce ends up in the dumpster and eventually in landfill where it breaks down without oxygen releasing methane.